cs2cs¶
Filter for transformations between two coordinate reference systems.
Synopsis¶
cs2cs [eEfIlrstvwW [args]][[–area <name_or_code>]  [–bbox <west_long,south_lat,east_long,north_lat>]][–authority <name>] [–noballpark] [–accuracy <accuracy>]([+opt[=arg] …] [+to +opt[=arg] …]  {source_crs} {target_crs})file …where {source_crs} or {target_crs} is one of the possibilities accepted by
proj_create()
, provided it expresses a CRS
a projstring,
a WKT string,
an object code (like “EPSG:4326”, “urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4326”, “urn:ogc:def:coordinateOperation:EPSG::1671”),
an Object name. e.g “WGS 84”, “WGS 84 / UTM zone 31N”. In that case as uniqueness is not guaranteed, heuristics are applied to determine the appropriate best match.
a OGC URN combining references for compound coordinate reference systems (e.g “urn:ogc:def:crs,crs:EPSG::2393,crs:EPSG::5717” or custom abbreviated syntax “EPSG:2393+5717”),
a OGC URN combining references for references for projected or derived CRSs e.g. for Projected 3D CRS “UTM zone 31N / WGS 84 (3D)”: “urn:ogc:def:crs,crs:EPSG::4979,cs:PROJ::ENh,coordinateOperation:EPSG::16031” (added in 6.2)
a OGC URN combining references for concatenated operations (e.g. “urn:ogc:def:coordinateOperation,coordinateOperation:EPSG::3895,coordinateOperation:EPSG::1618”)
a PROJJSON string. The jsonschema is at https://proj.org/schemas/v0.2/projjson.schema.json (added in 6.2)
a compound CRS made from two object names separated with ” + “. e.g. “WGS 84 + EGM96 height” (added in 7.1)
New in version 6.0.0.
Note
before 7.0.1, it was needed to add +to between {source_crs} and {target_crs} when adding a filename
Description¶
cs2cs performs transformation between the source and destination cartographic coordinate reference system on a set of input points. The coordinate reference system transformation can include translation between projected and geographic coordinates as well as the application of datum shifts.
The following control parameters can appear in any order:

I
¶
Method to specify inverse translation, convert from +to coordinate system to the primary coordinate system defined.

t<a>
¶
Where a specifies a character employed as the first character to denote a control line to be passed through without processing. This option applicable to ASCII input only. (# is the default value).

d
<n>
¶ New in version 5.2.0.
Specify the number of decimals in the output.

e
<string>
¶ Where string is an arbitrary string to be output if an error is detected during data transformations. The default value is a three character string:
*\t*
.

E
¶
Causes the input coordinates to be copied to the output line prior to printing the converted values.

l<[
=id]>
¶ List projection identifiers that can be selected with +proj.
cs2cs l=id
gives expanded description of projection id, e.g.cs2cs l=merc
.

lp
¶
List of all projection id that can be used with the +proj parameter. Equivalent to
cs2cs l
.

lP
¶
Expanded description of all projections that can be used with the +proj parameter.

le
¶
List of all ellipsoids that can be selected with the +ellps parameters.

lu
¶
List of all distance units that can be selected with the +units parameter.

r
¶
This options reverses the order of the first two expected inputs from that specified by the CRS to the opposite order. The third coordinate, typically height, remains third.

s
¶
This options reverses the order of the first two expected outputs from that specified by the CRS to the opposite order. The third coordinate, typically height, remains third.

f
<format>
¶ Where format is a printf format string to control the form of the output values. For inverse projections, the output will be in degrees when this option is employed. If a format is specified for inverse projection the output data will be in decimal degrees. The default format is
"%.2f"
for forward projection and DMS for inverse.

w<n>
¶
Where n is the number of significant fractional digits to employ for seconds output (when the option is not specified,
w3
is assumed).

W<n>
¶
Where n is the number of significant fractional digits to employ for seconds output. When
W
is employed the fields will be constant width with leading zeroes.

v
¶
Causes a listing of cartographic control parameters tested for and used by the program to be printed prior to input data.

area
<name_or_code>
¶ New in version 8.0.0.
Specify an area of interest to restrict the results when researching coordinate operations between 2 CRS. The area of interest can be specified either as a name (e.g “Denmark  onshore”) or a AUTHORITY:CODE (EPSG:3237)
This option is mutually exclusive with
bbox
.

bbox
<west_long,south_lat,east_long,north_lat>
¶ New in version 8.0.0.
Specify an area of interest to restrict the results when researching coordinate operations between 2 CRS. The area of interest is specified as a bounding box with geographic coordinates, expressed in degrees in a unspecified geographic CRS. west_long and east_long should be in the [180,180] range, and south_lat and north_lat in the [90,90]. west_long is generally lower than east_long, except in the case where the area of interest crosses the antimeridian.

noballpark
¶
New in version 8.0.0.
Disallow any coordinate operation that is, or contains, a Ballpark transformation

accuracy
<accuracy>
¶ New in version 8.0.0.
Sets the minimum desired accuracy for candidate coordinate operations.
New in version 8.0.0.
This option can be used to restrict the authority of coordinate operations looked up in the database. When not specified, coordinate operations from any authority will be searched, with the restrictions set in the
authority_to_authority_preference
database table related to the authority of the source/target CRS themselves. If authority is set toany
, then coordinate operations from any authority will be searched If authority is a nonempty string different ofany
, then coordinate operations will be searched only in that authority namespace (e.gEPSG
).This option is mutually exclusive with
bbox
.
The +opt runline arguments are associated with cartographic parameters. Usage varies with projection and for a complete description consult the projection pages.
The cs2cs program requires two coordinate reference system (CRS) definitions. The first (or primary is defined based on all projection parameters not appearing after the +to argument. All projection parameters appearing after the +to argument are considered the definition of the second CRS. If there is no second CRS defined, a geographic CRS based on the datum and ellipsoid of the source CRS is assumed. Note that the source and destination CRS can both of same or different nature (geographic, projected, compound CRS), or one of each and may have the same or different datums.
When using a WKT definition or a AUTHORITY:CODE, the axis order of the CRS will be enforced. So for example if using EPSG:4326, the first value expected (or returned) will be a latitude.
Internally, cs2cs uses the proj_create_crs_to_crs()
function
to compute the appropriate coordinate operation, so implementation details of
this function directly impact the results returned by the program.
The environment parameter PROJ_LIB
establishes the
directory for resource files (database, datum shift grids, etc.)
One or more files (processed in left to right order) specify the source of
data to be transformed. A 
will specify the location of processing standard
input. If no files are specified, the input is assumed to be from stdin.
For input data the two data values must be in the first two white space
separated fields and when both input and output are ASCII all trailing portions
of the input line are appended to the output line.
Input geographic data (longitude and latitude) must be in DMS or decimal
degrees format and input cartesian data must be in units consistent with the
ellipsoid major axis or sphere radius units. Output geographic coordinates will
normally be in DMS format (use f %.12f
for decimal degrees with 12 decimal
places), while projected (cartesian) coordinates will be in linear
(meter, feet) units.
Use of remote grids¶
New in version 7.0.0.
If the PROJ_NETWORK
environment variable is set to ON
,
cs2cs will attempt to use remote grids stored on CDN (Content
Delivery Network) storage, when they are not available locally.
More details are available in the Network capabilities section.
Examples¶
Using PROJ strings¶
The following script
cs2cs +proj=latlong +datum=NAD83 +to +proj=utm +zone=10 +datum=NAD27 r <<EOF
45d15'33.1" 111.5W
45d15.551666667N 111d30
+45.25919444444 111d30'000w
EOF
will transform the input NAD83 geographic coordinates into NAD27 coordinates in the UTM projection with zone 10 selected. The geographic values of this example are equivalent and meant as examples of various forms of DMS input. The xy output data will appear as three lines of:
1402293.44 5076292.68 0.00
Using EPSG CRS codes¶
Transforming from WGS 84 latitude/longitude (in that order) to UTM Zone 31N/WGS 84
cs2cs EPSG:4326 EPSG:32631 <<EOF
45N 2E
EOF
outputs
421184.70 4983436.77 0.00
Using EPSG CRS names¶
Transforming from WGS 84 latitude/longitude (in that order) with EGM96 height to UTM Zone 31N/WGS 84 with WGS84 ellipsoidal height
echo 45 2 0  cs2cs "WGS 84 + EGM96 height" "WGS 84 / UTM zone 31N"
outputs
421184.70 4983436.77 50.69