Multi-component time-based deformation model

Added in version 7.1.0.



Input type

Geodetic or projected coordinates (horizontal), meters (vertical), decimalyear (temporal)

Output type

Geodetic or projected coordinates (horizontal), meters (vertical), decimalyear (temporal)



Available forms

Forward and inverse

The defmodel transformation can be used to represent most deformation models currently in use, in particular for areas subject to complex deformation, including large scale secular crustal deformation near plate boundaries and vertical deformation due to Glacial Isostatic Adjustment (GIA). These can often be represented by a constant velocity model. Additionally, many areas suffer episodic deformation events such as earthquakes and aseismic slow slip event.

The transformation relies on a "master" JSON file, describing general metadata on the deformation model, its spatial and temporal extent, and listing spatial components whose values are stored in Geodetic TIFF grids (GTG). The valuation of each component is modulated by a time function (constant, step, reverse step, velocity, piecewise, exponential).

All details on the content of this JSON file are given in the Proposal for encoding of a Deformation Model

If input coordinates are given in the geographic domain (resp. projected domain), the output will also be in the geographic domain (resp. projected domain). The domain should be the corresponding to the source_crs metadata of the model.

This transformation is a generalization of the Kinematic datum shifting utilizing a deformation model transformation.




Filename to the JSON master file for the deformation model. This file must validate against the deformation_model.schema.json JSON schema.


Transforming a point with the LINZ NZGD2000 deformation model:

echo 166.7133850980 -44.5105886020 293.3700 2007.689 |
     cct +proj=defmodel +model=nzgd2000-20180701.json